Tuesday, 13 November 2007

Cable tv and women in India

If you want to study television, there is an interesting paper called "The power of tv: cable television and women's status in India" written by Robert Jensen (visiting associate professor -research- at Watson and a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research) and Emily Oster (assistant professor at University of Chicago)

Here you can download the paper

1 Introduction                                         page 1
2 Background on Television in India   page 5
3 Data and empirical strategy              page 7
4 Results                                                  page 15
5 Mechanisms                                         page 26
6 Conclusion                                            page 27
References                                              page 29
Figures and tables                                  page 32
Tables                                                      page 36
Appendix tables                                     page 51

This is the abstract:
Cable and satellite television have grown rapidly throughout the developing world. The availability of cable and satellite television exposes viewers to new information about the outside world, which may affect individual attitudes and behaviors. This paper explores the effect of the introduction of cable television on gender attitudes in rural India. Using a three-year individual-level panel dataset, we find that the introduction of cable television is associated with improvements in women's status. We find significant increases in reported autonomy, decreases in the reported acceptability of beating and decreases in reported so preference. We also find increases in female school enrollment and decreases in fertility (primarily via increased birth spacing). The effects are large, equivalent in some cases to about five years of education in the cross section, and move gender attitudes of individuals in rural areas much closer to those in urban areas. We argue that the results are not driven by pre-existing differential trends. These results have important policy implications, as India and other countries attempt to decrease bias against women.

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